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Tob Control. 2007 Apr;16(2):119-26.

Effect of local youth-access regulations on progression to established smoking among youths in Massachusetts.

Author information

1
Tobacco Research and Treatment Center, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA 02114, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To test whether community-level restrictions on youth access to tobacco (including both ordinances and enforcement) are associated with less smoking initiation or less progression to established smoking among adolescents.

DESIGN:

Prospective cohort study of a random sample of adolescents in Massachusetts whose smoking status was assessed by telephone interviews at baseline and 2-year follow-up, and linked to a state-wide database of town-level youth-access ordinances and enforcement practices.

PARTICIPANTS:

A random sample of 2623 adolescents aged 12-17 years who lived in 295 towns in Massachusetts in 2001-2 and were followed in 2003-4.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

The relationship between the strength of local youth access restrictions (including both ordinances and level of enforcement) and (1) never-smokers' smoking initiation rates and (2) experimenters' rate of progression to established smoking was tested in a multilevel analysis that accounted for town-level clustering and adjusted for potential individual, household and town-level confounders.

RESULTS:

Over 2 years, 21% of 1986 never-smokers initiated smoking and 25% of 518 experimenters became established smokers. The adjusted odds ratio (OR) for smoking initiation was 0.89 (95% CI 0.61 to 1.31) for strong versus weak youth-access policies and 0.93 (95% CI 0.67 to 1.29) for medium versus weak policies. The adjusted OR for progression to established smoking among adolescents who had experimented with smoking was 0.79 (95% CI 0.45 to 1.39) for strong versus weak local smoking restrictions and 0.85 (95% CI 0.50 to 1.45) for medium versus weak restrictions.

CONCLUSIONS:

This prospective cohort study found no association between community-level youth-access restrictions and adolescents' rate of smoking initiation or progression to established smoking over 2 years.

PMID:
17400950
PMCID:
PMC2598482
DOI:
10.1136/tc.2006.018002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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