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Cell Immunol. 1992 Mar;140(1):21-30.

Induction of macrophage interleukin-1 production by Listeria monocytogenes hemolysin.

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Department of Bacteriology, Niigata University School of Medicine, Japan.


Listeriolysin O produced by a hemolytic strain of Listeria monocytogenes was purified from the ammonium sulfate precipitate of a culture supernatant through the steps of ion-exchange chromatography and gel filtration. The purified hemolysin finally gave a single band on sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis with a molecular weight of 58,000. When peritoneal exudate macrophages were stimulated with purified hemolysin, we found a high level of IL-1 activity as determined by thymocyte costimulator assay in the culture supernatant. Cell-associated and intracellular IL-1 activity was also detected. The activity in the supernatant or membrane was blocked by polyclonal antibody to murine IL-1 alpha. Moreover, IL-1-specific mRNA expression could be detected in the macrophages stimulated with listeriolysin O by Northern blot analysis. Possible contamination by LPS of the listeriolysin O preparation did not seem to contribute to the induction of macrophage IL-1 production.

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