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Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2007 Sep;44(3):1083-104. Epub 2007 Feb 15.

The disunity of "Mysidacea" (Crustacea).

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  • 1University of Bergen, Department of Biology, P.O. Box 7800, N-5020 Bergen, Norway.


New studies on malacostracan relationships have drawn attention to issues concerning monophyly of the order Mysidacea, manifested in recent crustacean classifications that treat the taxon as two separate orders, Lophogastrida and Mysida. We present molecular phylogenies of these orders based on complete sequences of nuclear small-subunit ribosomal DNA (18S rRNA), and morphological evidence is used to revise the classification of the order Mysida to better reflect evolutionary history. A secondary structure model for 18S rRNA was constructed and used to assign putative stem and loop regions to two groups of partitions for phylogenetic analyses. Phylogenies were estimated by maximum-likelihood, Bayesian inference, and maximum-parsimony. The analyses gave strong support for three independently derived lineages, represented by three monophyletic groups, Lophogastrida, Stygiomysida, and Mysida. The family Petalophthalmidae is considered as sister group to the family Mysidae, and Boreomysinae and Rhopalophthalminae are the most early derived of the Mysidae. The tribes contained in the current classification of the subfamily Mysinae are not well-supported by either molecular data or morphology.

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