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J Cataract Refract Surg. 2007 Apr;33(4):618-22.

Intraindividual comparison of surgical trauma after bimanual microincision and conventional small-incision coaxial phacoemulsification.

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Department of Ophthalmology, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.



To compare the surgical trauma after microincision phacoemulsification and small-incision coaxial phacoemulsification after implantation of conventional, foldable, hydrophobic acrylic intraocular lenses (IOLs).


Department of Ophthalmology, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.


A prospective investigator-masked case series comprised patients with bilateral cataract who had cataract surgery on the same day. Thirty-three patients (66 eyes) were randomized. Microincision cataract surgery (MICS) was performed through 2, 1.4 mm clear corneal incisions (CCIs) using bimanual sleeveless phacoemulsification (cool phaco) in 1 eye. Small-incision cataract surgery (SICS) was performed on the other eye through a 3.2 mm CCI. In all cases, an AcrySof SA60AT IOL was inserted, in the MICS group after the CCI was enlarged. Laser flare photometry, specular microscopy, corneal endothelial cell density, and pachymetry were evaluated preoperatively and postoperatively. Intraindividual comparison and statistical analyses were performed.


There were no relevant clinical differences or perioperative complications in either group. There were no statistically significant differences between preoperative and postoperative anterior chamber flare or endothelial cell loss. On the first postoperative day, the MICS group had statistically significantly increased corneal swelling (P = .008). Postoperatively, the mean endothelial cell density loss was higher in the MICS group (6.2%) than in the SICS group (3.10%); however, the difference between groups was not significant (P = .08)


Microincision cataract surgery was a safe and reproducible technique. The postoperative results in the MICS group were comparable to those in the SICS group.

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