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Planta Med. 1982 Oct;46(2):91-8.

[Chemical composition of the essential oil from melissa].

[Article in German]

Author information

1
Institut für Pharmazeutische Biologie der Universität München, Federal Republic of Germany.

Abstract

Different oil-samples of Melissa officinalis L. were analysed by capillary GC/MS, using fused silica columns and E.I.-Mass-spectrometry. Comparing the observed mass-spectra with those of a spectral collection, 70 compounds of the oil were identified. Geranial, neral, 6-methyl-5-hepten-2-one, citronellal, geranyl-acetate, beta-caryophyllene, and beta-caryophyllene-oxide comprise about 96%. The fingerprint of the capillary gas-chromatogramm permitted differentiation of the essential oil of Melissa officinalis, Cymbopogon winterianus and Nepeta cataria var. citriodora., as well as a standardisation of pharmaceutical preparations containing Melissa oil.

PMID:
17396950
DOI:
10.1055/s-2007-970028

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