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J Biol Chem. 2007 Jun 8;282(23):17024-31. Epub 2007 Mar 29.

O-fucosylation of thrombospondin type 1 repeats in ADAMTS-like-1/punctin-1 regulates secretion: implications for the ADAMTS superfamily.

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  • 1Department of Biomedical Engineering, Lerner Research Institute, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio 44195, USA.


The ADAMTS superfamily contains several metalloproteases (ADAMTS proteases) as well as ADAMTS-like molecules that lack proteolytic activity. Their common feature is the presence of one or more thrombospondin type-1 repeats (TSRs) within a characteristic modular organization. ADAMTS like-1/punctin-1 has four TSRs. Previously, O-fucosylation on Ser or Thr mediated by the endoplasmic reticulum-localized enzyme protein-O-fucosyltransferase 2 (POFUT2) was described for TSRs of thrombospondin-1, properdin, and F-spondin within the sequence Cys-Xaa(1)-Xaa(2)-(Ser/Thr)-Cys-Xaa-Xaa-Gly (where the fucosylated residue is underlined). On mass spectrometric analysis of tryptic peptides from recombinant secreted human punctin-1, the appropriate peptides from TSR2, TSR3, and TSR4 were found to bear either a fucose monosaccharide (TSR3, TSR4) or a fucose-glucose disaccharide (TSR2, TSR3, TSR4). Although mass spectral analysis did not unambiguously identify the relevant peptide from TSR1, metabolic labeling of cells expressing TSR1 and the cysteine-rich module led to incorporation of [(3)H]fucose into this construct. Mutation of the putative modified Ser/Thr residues in TSR2, TSR3, and TSR4 led to significantly decreased levels of secreted punctin-1. Similarly, expression of punctin-1 in Lec-13 cells that are deficient in conversion of GDP-mannose to GDP-fucose substantially decreased the levels of secreted protein, which were restored upon culture in the presence of exogenous l-fucose. In addition, mutation of the single N-linked oligosaccharide in punctin-1 led to decreased levels of secreted punctin-1. Taken together, the data define a critical role for N-glycosylation and O-fucosylation in the biosynthesis of punctin-1. From a broad perspective, these data suggest that O-fucosylation may be a widespread post-translational modification in members of the ADAMTS superfamily with possible regulatory consequences.

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