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Microbes Infect. 2007 Apr;9(5):574-82. Epub 2007 Feb 20.

Involvement of intestinal epithelial cells in dendritic cell recruitment during C. parvum infection.

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Laboratoire Contrôle et Immunologie des Maladies Entériques du Nouveau-né, UR1282 Infectiologie Animale et Santé Publique IASP, INRA de Tours, F-37380 Nouzilly, France.


Dendritic cells (DCs) play a key role in activating and orientating immune responses. Little is currently known about DC recruitment during Cryptosporidium parvum infection. In the intestine, epithelial cells act as sensors, providing the first signals in response to infection by enteric pathogens. We analyzed the contribution of these cells to the recruitment of DCs during cryptosporidiosis. We found that intestinal epithelial cells produced a broad range of DC-attracting chemokines in vitro in response to C. parvum infection. The supernatant of the infected cells induced the migration of both bone marrow-derived DCs (BMDC) and the SRDC lymphoid dendritic cell line. Chemokine neutralization abolished DC migration in these assays. We next analyzed chemokine mRNA expression in the mucosa of C. parvum-infected neonatal mice and recruitment of the various subsets of DCs. Myeloid (CD11c+ CD11b+) and double-negative DCs (CD11c+ CD11b- CD8alpha-) were the main subsets recruited in the ileum during C. parvum infection, via a mechanism involving IFNgamma. DCs were also recruited and activated in the draining lymph nodes during C. parvum infection, as shown by the upregulation of expression of MHC II and of the costimulation molecules CD40 and CD86.

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