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Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2007 Jun;101(6):602-12. Epub 2007 Mar 28.

Co-infection with subclinical HIV and Wuchereria bancrofti, and the role of malaria and hookworms, in adult Tanzanians: infection intensities, CD4/CD8 counts and cytokine responses.

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DBL-Centre for Health Research and Development, Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Jaegersborg Allé, 1D, 2920 Charlottenlund, Denmark.


The association between HIV and Wuchereria bancrofti, and the role of malaria and hookworms, were analysed by comparing three groups of individuals with: (1) HIV (HIV+; n=16); (2) W. bancrofti (circulating filarial antigen (CFA)+; n=25); and (3) HIV and W. bancrofti (HIV+/CFA+; n=18). A slightly higher HIV load and lower CD4% was observed in the HIV+/CFA+ group compared with the HIV+ group, and a slightly higher W. bancrofti CFA intensity was observed in the CFA+ group compared with the HIV+/CFA+ group, but none of these differences were statistically significant. Specific and non-specific IL-4, IL-10, IFNgamma and TNF levels were measured. Only specific IL-4 was significantly higher in the CFA+ group compared with the HIV+/CFA+ group. Thus, there was no clear evidence for an interaction between HIV and W. bancrofti infection. A multiple linear regression model showed that the presence of CFA was strongly positively associated with specific TNF response and, similarly, that HIV-positive individuals had higher TNF responses than HIV-negative individuals. Interestingly, the CD4% and CD4/CD8 ratio were higher in HIV-positive individuals with hookworms than in those without hookworm co-infection. Malaria was not associated with any of the other infections, or with CD4/CD8 counts or cytokine responses.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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