Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Card Fail. 2007 Mar;13(2):128-32.

Fluid restriction in the management of decompensated heart failure: no impact on time to clinical stability.

Author information

1
Heart Failure Unit, St. Vincent's University Hospital, Dublin, Ireland.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

To examine the clinical effect of fluid restriction in patients admitted to the hospital with class IV heart failure (HF).

METHODS AND RESULTS:

This is a single-blind randomized controlled study. Time to clinical stability was compared between the fluid restricted (FR: n = 34) and free fluid (FF: n = 33) groups respectively showing no significant difference (8.3 +/- 6.3 days versus 7.0 +/- 6.0 days, P = .17). There was no significant difference between groups in time to discontinuation of intravenous diuretic therapy (FR: 2.7 +/- 4.5 days, FF: 3.2 +/- 5.6 days, P = .70). Changes from baseline to achievement of clinical stability in serum urea (P = .23), serum creatinine (P = .14), BNP (P = .42), and sodium (P = .14) did not differ between the FF and FR groups. Baseline serum sodium levels did not predict the time to clinical stability (beta = -0.11, 95% CI: -0.60, 0.23).

CONCLUSIONS:

Fluid restriction is not an evidence-based therapy although it is occasionally applied in the management of HF. These results suggest that FR is not of any clinical benefit in patients with acute decompensated HF and this hypothesis should be tested in a larger randomized controlled study.

PMID:
17395053
DOI:
10.1016/j.cardfail.2006.10.012
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center