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Ann R Coll Surg Engl. 2007 Apr;89(3):238-41.

Is there any justification for the routine histological examination of straightforward cholecystectomy specimens?

Author information

1
Department of General Surgery, Wrexham Maelor Hospital, Wrexham, UK. bdarmas@hotmail.com

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Gall bladder carcinoma is a rare malignancy that carries a very poor prognosis. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is established as the gold-standard treatment for symptomatic gall stones. The aim of the study was to assess the incidence of gall bladder carcinoma and the possibility of reducing the routine histological examination of gall bladder specimens.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

Pathology laboratory data of gall bladder specimens over a period of 5 years (June 2000 to July 2005) were analysed retrospectively. The case notes were retrieved in all cases of malignancies.

RESULTS:

The total number of specimens was 1452. Four (0.27%) cases of primary gall bladder carcinoma, one case of primary B-cell lymphoma and one secondary carcinoma were detected as well as one case of intra-epithelial neoplasia. Operative notes revealed that there was a high index of suspicion of malignancy in all cases. Of the 4 primary gall bladder carcinomas, 3 were stage T2 and one T4. Pre-operative ultrasound suspected carcinoma in only one case but a thickened gall bladder wall was noted in all cases.

CONCLUSIONS:

All cases of gall bladder carcinoma were suspected pre-operatively or intra-operatively. Histological examination did not alter the management or outcome in any of the cases. We suggest that selectively sending specimens for histopathological examination would result in reduced demands on the histopathology department without compromising patient safety.

PMID:
17394706
PMCID:
PMC1964718
DOI:
10.1308/003588407X168361
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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