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Dig Dis Sci. 2007 Jul;52(7):1713-21. Epub 2007 Mar 28.

The anti-cancer effect of COX-2 inhibitors on gastric cancer cells.

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Department of Internal Medicine and Liver Research Institute, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea.


Epidemiologic studies have shown that nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs could reduce the risk of cancer development including gastric cancer. This study was performed to identify the antineoplastic mechanism in gastric cancer cells affected by celecoxib, a selective COX-2 inhibitor. MTT assay, ELISA for prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)), cell-cycle analyses, immunofluorescent staining, and flow cytometry were performed after treating human gastric cancer cell lines (AGS and MKN-45) with celecoxib or indomethacin. The viabilities of celecoxib-treated cells decreased in a dose- and time-dependent manner compared with indomethacin. Drop of PGE(2) levels was more prominent in the presence of indomethacin than in that of celecoxib. Celecoxib arrested the cell cycle in the G(0)-G(1) phase, which reduced cell numbers in the S phase. Moreover, celecoxib increased the apoptotic cell proportions, a 4-fold increase over control cells. The anticancer effects of celecoxib on gastric cancer cells appear to be mediated by cell-cycle arrest and apoptosis, and not by COX-2 or PGE(2) suppression alone.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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