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J Neurosci. 2007 Mar 28;27(13):3439-44.

Regulation of protein kinase Mzeta synthesis by multiple kinases in long-term potentiation.

Author information

1
Department of Physiology, The Robert F. Furchgott Center for Neural and Behavioral Science, State University of New York Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, New York 11203, USA.

Abstract

The persistent activity of protein kinase Mzeta (PKMzeta) maintains synaptic long-term potentiation (LTP) and spatial memory, but the interactions between PKMzeta and the other protein kinases implicated in synaptic plasticity are unknown. During LTP, PKMzeta is rapidly synthesized from a PKMzeta mRNA that encodes a protein kinase Czeta (PKCzeta) catalytic domain without a regulatory domain; thus, second messengers that activate full-length PKC isoforms are not required to stimulate PKMzeta. Like other PKCs, however, PKMzeta must be phosphorylated on its activation loop by phosphoinositide-dependent protein kinase-1 (PDK1) for optimal catalytic activity. Thus, two sequential steps are required for the persistent increased PKMzeta activity that maintains LTP: de novo synthesis of PKMzeta and phosphorylation of its activation loop. Here, using a panel of antisera to phosphorylated and nonphosphorylated sites on PKMzeta, we show that PI3-kinase (phosphoinositide 3-kinase), CaMKII (Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II), MAPK (mitogen-activated protein kinase), PKA (protein kinase A), mTOR (mammalian target of rapamycin), all important for LTP induction, as well as preexisting PKMzeta, regulate the new synthesis of PKMzeta during LTP. In contrast, PDK1 forms a complex with PKMzeta and maintains maximal phosphorylation of its activation loop. Thus, the two steps of PKMzeta formation serve separate functions in LTP: the initial regulated synthesis of PKMzeta is the site of convergence and integration for multiple kinases of induction, whereas the constitutive phosphorylation of PKMzeta by PDK1 initiates the persistent autonomous activity that sustains maintenance.

PMID:
17392460
DOI:
10.1523/JNEUROSCI.5612-06.2007
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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