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Diabetes Obes Metab. 2007 May;9(3):418-27.

Insulin detemir improves glycaemic control with less hypoglycaemia and no weight gain in patients with type 2 diabetes who were insulin naive or treated with NPH or insulin glargine: clinical practice experience from a German subgroup of the PREDICTIVE study.

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  • 1Diabetes Research Institute, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL 33136, USA. lmeneghi@med.miami.edu

Abstract

AIM:

The Predictable Results and Experience in Diabetes through Intensification and Control to Target: An International Variability Evaluation (PREDICTIVE) Study is a large, multi-centre, observational study assessing the safety and efficacy of insulin detemir in everyday clinical practice.

METHODS:

This subgroup analysis of the German cohort of PREDICTIVE evaluates over 3 months, patients with type 2 diabetes who were transferred to insulin detemir +/- oral antidiabetic drugs (OADs) from an OAD-only regimen (n = 1321), NPH insulin +/- OADs (n = 251) or insulin glargine +/- OADs (n = 260).

RESULTS:

Among all groups, 3 months after starting treatment with insulin detemir, total, daytime and nocturnal hypoglycaemic events/patient were reduced by 84, 80 and 90%, respectively, from baseline. No major hypoglycaemic events were reported during treatment with insulin detemir. HbAlc was significantly reduced from baseline in each of the subgroups (-1.29,-0.60 and-0.59% for patients previously taking OADs only, NPH insulin +/- OADs and insulin glargine +/- OADs respectively; p < 0.0001), as was fasting blood glucose (FBG) (-58.1,-29.1 and-24.6 mg/dl; p < 0.0001) and FBG variability-8.2 mg/dl,-5.7 mg/dl; p < 0.0001 and -5.1 mg/dl; p = 0.0008). All subgroups combined lost an average of 0.9 kg of body weight (p < 0.0001) during the study. Total daily basal insulin dose increased slightly from baseline for those patients on a prior insulin regimen, and in this study 79% of patients used insulin detemir once daily.

CONCLUSIONS:

These data confirm the short-term safety and efficacy of insulin detemir +/- OADs in a real-world scenario and support the findings of randomized controlled clinical trials with insulin detemir, including its limited effects on body weight.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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