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Am Fam Physician. 2007 Mar 15;75(6):875-82.

Prevention and management of postpartum hemorrhage.

Author information

1
Forbes Family Medicine Residency Program, Western Pennsylvania Hospital Forbes Regional Campus, Monroeville, Pennsylvania 15221, USA. janderso@wpahs.org

Abstract

Postpartum hemorrhage, the loss of more than 500 mL of blood after delivery, occurs in up to 18 percent of births and is the most common maternal morbidity in developed countries. Although risk factors and preventive strategies are dearly documented, not all cases are expected or avoidable. Uterine atony is responsible for most cases and can be managed with uterine massage in conjunction with oxytocin, prostaglandins, and ergot alkaloids. Retained placenta is a less common cause and requires examination of the placenta, exploration of the uterine cavity, and manual removal of retained tissue. Rarely, an invasive placenta causes postpartum hemorrhage and may require surgical management. Traumatic causes include lacerations, uterine rupture, and uterine inversion. Coagulopathies require dotting factor replacement for the identified deficiency. Early recognition, systematic evaluation and treatment, and prompt fluid resuscitation minimize the potentially serious outcomes associated with postpartum hemorrhage.

PMID:
17390600
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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