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Am Fam Physician. 1992 Feb;45(2):585-92.

Occupational repetitive strain injury.

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University of Alberta, Edmonton.


Repetitive strain injuries include a group of disorders that most commonly develop in workers using excessive and repetitious motions of the neck and upper extremity. A careful occupational history, physical examination and specific diagnostic maneuvers can help distinguish these musculoskeletal injuries from rheumatologic diseases, psychologic disorders, acute joint or tendon inflammation from other causes and single-event traumatic sprains and strains. Repetitive strain injury may be manifested by cervical syndrome, tension neck syndrome, thoracic outlet syndrome and frozen shoulder syndrome. Common injuries involving the elbow, wrist and hand include epicondylitis, carpal tunnel syndrome and ulnar nerve entrapment. Conservative treatment consisting of rest, application of ice or heat and anti-inflammatory drugs is usually effective, but the injury may take weeks or months to resolve. Modifications in the workplace can prevent many of these injuries and may be required to prevent reinjury after the patient returns to work.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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