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J Cell Biochem. 2007 Sep 1;102(1):13-27.

ERM is expressed by alveolar epithelial cells in adult mouse lung and regulates caveolin-1 transcription in mouse lung epithelial cell lines.

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Department of Medicine, Pulmonary Center, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts 02118, USA.


We previously identified an Ets cis-element in the mouse caveolin-1 promoter that is selectively activated in lung epithelial (E10), but not lung endothelial murine lung endothelial cell line (MFLM-4), cell lines and therefore appears important for differential, cell-specific caveolin-1 transcription. In the present study, we demonstrate that immunostaining of adult mouse lung detects the ETS protein Ets-related molecule (ERM PEA3) in distal lung epithelium in alveolar type I and II cells, but not in bronchial epithelium or lung endothelial cells. We tested ERM and polyomavirus enhancer activator 3 (PEA3) for their ability to increase endogenous caveolin-1 transcripts and to activate caveolin-1 promoter fragments containing the -865 Ets cis-element. Chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) assays show that both ERM and PEA3 bind to the caveolin-1 promoter in murine E10, but not MFLM-4, cells. Normalized luciferase activities show that only ERM activates the caveolin-1 promoter in E10 cells, but neither protein enhances promoter activity in MFLM-4 cells. Mutation of the Ets site blocks ERM-mediated promoter activation in E10 cells. Furthermore, overexpression of ERM increases the cellular content of caveolin-1 mRNA and protein, in E10, but not MFLM-4, cells. The effects of PEA3 on the cellular content of endogenous caveolin-1 expression are variable. These results demonstrate that ERM is involved in caveolin-1 regulation in a murine lung epithelial, but not lung endothelial cell line. We conclude that transcriptional regulation of caveolin-1 differs markedly between lung epithelial and endothelial cell lines, perhaps explaining why the onset of caveolin-1 expression differs in epithelial and endothelial cells during lung development.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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