Send to

Choose Destination
Heart Vessels. 2007 Mar;22(2):88-93. Epub 2007 Mar 23.

Simvastatin improves endothelial function in patents with subclinical hypothyroidism.

Author information

Department of Cardiology, Haydarpasa Numune Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.


Patients with subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) have impaired endothelial function probably related to dyslipidemia. The present study compares the effects of simvastatin versus levothyroxine (LT-4) treatment on lipid profile and endothelial function in patients with SCH. Fifty-nine patients with newly diagnosed SCH were enrolled. Patients were randomized into 3 groups to receive no treatment (n = 19), LT-4 (n = 20), or simvastatin (n = 20). We measured endothelium-dependent vasodilation (EDV) and endothelium-independent vasodilation (EIV) at baseline and after 8 months. Serum total cholesterol, triglycerides and LDL-cholesterol were significantly lower following simvastatin. EDV increased significantly in simvastatin treatment group (7.5% +/- 3.3% vs 14.0% +/- 4.5% (P < 0.01). The improvement of EDV correlated with the percent decrease of LDL-cholesterol (rho = 0.68, P < 0.01). Although LT-4 therapy caused a trend towards an increase in EDV compared to baseline, statistical significance was not achieved. EIV remained unchanged in all three groups. Simvastatin but not LT-4 treatment significantly improves EDV of the brachial artery and dyslipidemia in patients with SCH. Improvement in brachial artery endothelial function may be related in part to a hypolipidemic effect of simvastatin treatment.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Springer
Loading ...
Support Center