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Oncol Rep. 2007 May;17(5):1101-7.

Altered Calreticulin expression in human colon cancer: maintenance of Calreticulin expression is associated with mucinous differentiation.

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INSERM U539, Faculté de Médecine, 44035 Nantes, France.


Calreticulin is an endoplasmic reticulum luminal calcium-binding chaperone involved in various cellular functions and is a ligand for the scavenger receptor CD91. Recent studies, based on proteomic approaches on whole tissue samples containing both neoplastic and non-neoplastic cells, have shown alterations of Calreticulin expression in colon carcinomas, albeit with divergent results. The aims of this study were: 1) to assess the expression of Calreticulin and its receptor CD91 in 58 human colon adenocarcinomas, compared with paired normal mucosa, using a semi-quantitative immunohistochemical analysis, and 2) to examine associations between the tumour phenotypic features, and Calreticulin and/or CD91 expressions. Calreticulin expression was down-regulated in 51.7% human colon adenocarcinomas. Accordingly, quantitative immunoblot analysis showed that Calreticulin expression was significantly lower in human colonic cancer cell lines than in preparations of isolated human normal colonic epithelial cells. CD91 was co-expressed with Calreticulin in both normal colonic epithelial cells and pericryptic myofibroblasts. Calreticulin and CD91, that characterize the 'amateur phagocyte' function of epithelial cells, were both down-regulated in 48% of adenocarcinomas. Finally, Calreticulin expression was significantly associated with the mucinous differentiation of the tumour. Collectively, these results show that Calreticulin is likely to play a pivotal role in the differentiation of human colonic adenocarcinomas.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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