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J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2007 Mar;62(3):317-22.

Resting energy expenditure and body composition in bedridden institutionalized elderly women with advanced-stage pressure sores.

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1
Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, Division of Geriatrics, University of Padua, Padua, Italy. giuseppe.sergi@unipd.it

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Our study investigated nutritional status, body composition, and resting energy expenditure (REE) in elderly patients with advanced-stage pressure sores (PS), in addition to researching any hypermetabolic condition and its relationship with PS size.

METHODS:

The study involved 52 institutionalized bedridden elderly women (aged 83.7 +/- 6.3 years), divided into two groups: 23 with advanced-stage (stage 3 and 4) PS and 29 without PS. Albumin, prealbumin, and retinol-binding protein were measured in all patients, and fat-free mass (FFM) and fat mass (FM) were obtained by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA). REE was measured by indirect calorimetry and predicted with the Harris-Benedict formula. PS area and volume were also measured.

RESULTS:

The elderly women with and without PS were comparable in age, FFM, and FM. Mean albumin, prealbumin, and retinol-binding protein values were lower in cases with PS. Unadjusted mean REE was significantly higher in patients with PS (1212.3 +/- 236.7 vs 1085.5 +/- 161.3 kcal/d; p <.05), even after adjusting for FFM or expressed per kilogram of body weight (25.8 +/- 6.7 vs 21.1 +/- 4.0 kcal/d/kg; p <.01). Hypermetabolism, i.e., a measured REE > 110% of the predicted REE, was seen in 74% of patients with PS and 38% of controls. The difference between measured and predicted REE (DeltaREE) correlated with PS volume (r = 0.58; p <.01), but not with area.

CONCLUSION:

Advanced-stage PS in elderly women are associated with a hypermetabolic state that is influenced by the volume of the PS.

PMID:
17389730
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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