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J Clin Oncol. 2007 May 1;25(13):1741-6. Epub 2007 Mar 26.

Phase II study of enzastaurin, a protein kinase C beta inhibitor, in patients with relapsed or refractory diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.

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  • 1Indiana University Medical Center, Indianapolis, IN, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Protein kinase C beta (PKCbeta) was identified by gene-expression profiling, preclinical evaluation, and independent immunohistochemical analysis as a rational therapeutic target in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). We conducted a multicenter phase II study of a potent inhibitor of PKCbeta, enzastaurin, in patients with relapsed or refractory DLBCL.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

Enzastaurin was taken orally once daily until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity occurred. Study end points included freedom from progression (FFP) for > or= two cycles (one cycle = 28 days), objective response, and toxicity.

RESULTS:

Fifty-five patients (median age, 68 years) were enrolled. Patients had received a median number of two prior therapies (range, one to five); six patients relapsed after high-dose therapy and autologous stem-cell transplantation. Only one grade 4 toxicity (hypomagnesemia) occurred. Grade 3 toxicities included fatigue (n = 2), edema (n = 1), headache (n = 1), motor neuropathy (n = 1), and thrombocytopenia (n = 1). No grade 3 or 4 neutropenia occurred. No deaths or discontinuations due to toxicity were reported. Fifteen patients completed less than one cycle of therapy. Twelve of 55 patients (22%; 95% CI, 13% to 46%) experienced FFP for two cycles, and eight patients remained free from progression for four cycles (15%; 95% CI, 6% to 27%). Four patients (7%; 95% CI, 2% to 18%), including three complete responders and one patient with stable disease, continue to experience FFP 20+ to 50+ months after study entry.

CONCLUSION:

Treatment with enzastaurin was well-tolerated and associated with prolonged FFP in a small subset of patients with relapsed or refractory DLBCL. Further studies of enzastaurin in DLBCL are warranted.

PMID:
17389337
DOI:
10.1200/JCO.2006.09.3146
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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