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J Indian Med Assoc. 2006 Sep;104(9):526-7.

Retinal vasculitis--an initial presentation of systemic lupus erythematosus.

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Department of Medicine, Nil Ratan Sircar Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata.


Retinal vasculitis is an intra-ocular inflammatory condition with diverse aetiology and a rare manifestation of systemic lupus erythematosus, often associated with antiphospholipid antibodies. A 13 years male presented with fever for 20 days associated with photosensitive skin rashes. Three years back he had suffered painless, progressive dimness of vision. Then a clinical diagnosis of retinal vascular occlusion was made. Examination revealed his visual acuity was reduced to finger counting at 3 metres distance and extensive retinal vasculitis in the right eye. His serum antinuclear factor was positive in high titre. A final diagnosis was made as systemic lupus erythematosus. He was treated with methylprednisolone. His fever subsided, skin rashes healed and vision did not deteriorate further.

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