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Cancer Biol Ther. 2007 May;6(5):732-42. Epub 2007 Feb 5.

Calcium/calmodulin-dependent kinase II plays an important role in prostate cancer cell survival.

Author information

1
Department of Pathology, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA. oskar-rokhlin@uiowa.edu

Abstract

It has recently been shown that the androgen receptor (AR) is the main factor that required for prostate cancer cells survival. We show that knocking down AR expression by siRNA induces PI3K-independent activation of Akt, which was mediated by calcium/calmodulin-dependent kinase II (CaMKII). We further show, for the first time, that prostate cancer cells express beta,gamma and delta CaMKII genes, and the expression of these genes is under the control of AR activity: active AR in the presence of androgens inhibits CaMKII gene expression whereas inhibition of AR activity results in elevated level of kinase activity and in enhanced expression of CaMKII-beta and -gamma genes. Overexpression of CaMKII genes results in resistance to apoptosis induced by KN-93, a CaMKII inhibitor, or wortmanninn, a PI3K/Akt inhibitor, in combination with doxorubicin, thapsigargin and TRAIL. Moreover, overexpression of CaMKII increases secretion of prostate specific antigen and promotes cell growth of LNCaP in steroid-free condition. Our data show that there is cross-talk between AR- and CaMKII-mediated pathways. The results of this study suggest that CaMKII is an important player in prostate cancer cells ability to escape apoptosis under androgen ablation and facilitate the progression of prostate cancer cells to an androgen independent state.

PMID:
17387273
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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