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Mol Pharmacol. 2007 Jun;71(6):1512-24. Epub 2007 Mar 23.

Mutation studies of Ser7.39 and Ser2.60 in the human CB1 cannabinoid receptor: evidence for a serine-induced bend in CB1 transmembrane helix 7.

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California Pacific Medical Center Research Institute, San Francisco, CA 94107, USA.


Ligands of structurally diverse natures are able to bind at the CB(1) cannabinoid receptor, suggesting the existence of multiple binding sites on the receptor. Modeling studies have implicated Ser2.60(173) and Ser7.39(383) as possible interaction site(s) for CB(1) agonists. To test the importance of these residues for receptor recognition, recombinant human CB(1) receptors, stably expressed in human embryonic kidney 293 cells, were used to investigate the consequences of mutating Ser2.60 (to S2.60A) or Ser7.39 (to S7.39A) in radioligand binding and guanosine 5'-3-O-(thio)triphosphate functional assays. The S7.39A mutant resulted in a total ablation of [(3)H](-)-3-[2-hydroxyl-4-(1,1-dimethylheptyl)phenyl]-4-[3-hydroxylpropyl] cyclohexan-1-ol (CP55,940) high-affinity binding. However, [(3)H](R)-(+)-[2,3-dihydro-5-methyl-3-[(4-morpholinyl)methyl]-pyrrolo[1,2,3-de]-1,4-benzoxazin-6-yl](1-naphthalenyl)methanone (WIN55,212-2) binding properties at S7.39A were comparable with those of the wild-type (WT) receptor. The binding affinity of (-)-11beta-hydroxy-3-(1',1'-dimethylheptyl)hexahydrocannabinol (AM4056) and (-)-11-hydroxydimethylheptyl-Delta(8)-tetrahydrocannabinol (HU210) were drastically reduced (50- to 100-fold) at the S7.39A mutant. Likewise, the EC(50) for HU210 and AM4056-mediated activation of the S7.39A receptor was increased by >200-fold. In contrast, the binding affinity and potency of WIN55,212-2, CP55,940, HU210, and AM4056 were unaltered at the S2.60A mutant compared with WT human CB(1) receptors. These results clearly suggest that Ser7.39, but not Ser2.60, plays a crucial role in mediating ligand specific interactions for CP55,940, HU210, and AM4056 at the human CB(1) receptor. Our modeling studies predict that Ser7.39 in a g-chi1 conformation may induce a helix bend in TMH7 that provides docking space for CP55,940 binding; the S7.39A mutation may alter this binding space, precluding CP55,940 binding.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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