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Am Heart J. 2007 Apr;153(4):696-703.

Actual management of patients with asymptomatic aortic valve disease: how practice fits with guidelines.

Author information

1
Cardiology Department, Bichat Hospital, AP-HP, Paris, France. bernard.iung@bch.aphp.fr

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Intervention is advised in selected asymptomatic patients with aortic valve disease. However, little is known regarding their actual management.

METHODS:

The Euro Heart Survey was designed to evaluate practices. Severe isolated aortic stenosis (AS) was defined by a valve area < or = 0.6 cm2/m2 body surface area or mean gradient > or = 50 mm Hg. Severe aortic regurgitation (AR) was defined by a grade > or = 3/4. Patients were classified as asymptomatic when they were in New York Heart Association class I and were without angina. Decision to operate was analyzed by comparing patient characteristics with the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association recommendations.

RESULTS:

Of the 5001 patients, 136 had severe, isolated, and asymptomatic aortic valve disease (84 with AS and 52 with AR). Stress testing was performed in only 6 patients (4%). A decision to operate was taken in 45 patients (54%) with AS and 21 (40%) with AR. Indications for surgery were in accordance with the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association guidelines in 57 patients (68%) with AS and in 41 (83%) with AR. However, the decision to operate was frequently based on class IIb recommendations in patients with AS. Intervention was "overused" in 18 patients with AS (21%) and in 5 (9%) with AR. Intervention was "underused" in 9 patients (11%) with AS and in 4 (8%) with AR.

CONCLUSIONS:

In asymptomatic patients with severe aortic valve disease, a decision to operate is frequently taken; and it is most often in agreement with guidelines, although often based on low-level recommendations.

PMID:
17383314
DOI:
10.1016/j.ahj.2005.12.031
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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