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Cell Calcium. 2007 Dec;42(6):606-17. Epub 2007 Mar 23.

A key role for reverse Na+/Ca2+ exchange influenced by the actin cytoskeleton in store-operated Ca2+ entry in human platelets: evidence against the de novo conformational coupling hypothesis.

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Department of Physiology, Development and Neuroscience, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 3EG, UK.


We have previously demonstrated a role for the reorganization of the actin cytoskeleton in store-operated calcium entry (SOCE) in human platelets and interpreted this as evidence for a de novo conformational coupling step in SOCE activation involving the type II IP(3) receptor and the platelet hTRPC1-containing store-operated channel (SOC). Here, we present evidence challenging this model. The actin polymerization inhibitors cytochalasin D or latrunculin A significantly reduced Ca2+ but not Mn2+ or Na+ entry into thapsigargin (TG)-treated platelets. Jasplakinolide, which induces actin polymerization, also inhibited Ca2+ but not Mn2+ or Na+ entry. However, an anti-hTRPC1 antibody inhibited TG-evoked entry of all three cations, indicating that they all permeate an hTRPC1-containing store-operated channel (SOC). These results indicate that the reorganization of the actin cytoskeleton is not involved in SOC activation. The inhibitors of the Na+/Ca2+ exchanger (NCX), KB-R7943 or SN-6, caused a dose-dependent inhibition of Ca2+ but not Mn2+ or Na+ entry into TG-treated platelets. The effects of the NCX inhibitors were not additive with those of actin polymerization inhibitors, suggesting a common point of action. These results indicate a role for two Ca2+ permeable pathways activated following Ca2+ store depletion in human platelets: A Ca2+-permeable, hTRPC1-containing SOC and reverse Na+/Ca2+ exchange, which is activated following Na+ entry through the SOC and requires a functional actin cytoskeleton.

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