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J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 1992 Feb;260(2):702-8.

Blockade of the ATP-sensitive K+ channel by 5-hydroxydecanoate in guinea pig ventricular myocytes.

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Fuji Central Research Laboratory, Mochida Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., Shizuoka, Japan.


Effects of a novel antiarrhythmic agent, 5-hydroxydecanoate (5-HD), were investigated on the electrical activity of the guinea pig ventricular myocytes. The shortening of action potential duration induced by applying iodoacetate (IAA) for 5 to 10 min was reversed completely by 5-HD (100 microM) in the papillary muscle. The single channel current recording in the cell-attached configuration revealed both activation of the ATP-sensitive K+ channel during the treatment with IAA and after depression of the channel by the additional application of 100 microM 5-HD. The quick rundown of the ATP-sensitive K+ channel activity interfered the analysis of the drug effect in the usual inside-out patch configuration. The channel activity in the isolated patch was partially recovered and stabilized by applying a tissue extract, which was prepared from guinea pig ventricle. Under this condition relationship between the 5-HD concentration and the K+ channel open probability was characterized with a K1/2 of 0.16 microM and a Hill coefficient of 0.88. The open- and close-time analysis revealed a decrease of the mean duration of the bursting channel opening and an increase of the interburst time under the effect of 5-HD. The inward-rectifier K+ channel, responsible for the resting K+ conductance, was not affected by 5-HD. It was concluded that the curative effect of 5-HD on the shortened action potential in the IAA-treated myocytes is mediated by the depression of the ATP-sensitive K+ channel.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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