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Mol Immunol. 2007 May;44(12):3122-31. Epub 2007 Mar 26.

Enhanced binding affinity for FcgammaRIIIa of fucose-negative antibody is sufficient to induce maximal antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity.

Author information

1
Division of Molecular Immunology, BioFrontier Laboratories, Kyowa HakkoKogyo Co., Ltd., 3-6-6 Asahi-Machi, Machida-Shi, Tokyo, Japan.

Abstract

Antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) is considered to be an important therapeutic function for clinical efficacy of monoclonal antibodies. Recent studies have revealed two methods to increase binding affinity for FcgammaRIIIa and enhance ADCC more efficiently for antibodies: (i) fucose removal from antibody N-linked complex oligosaccharides and (ii) amino acid mutations in the antibody Fc region. In this study, we compare the biological activities of the methods of generating high ADCC antibodies. We used a fucose-negative antibody and two antibodies with sets of mutations, demonstrated previously to optimally enhance ADCC using the chimeric anti-CD20 antibody, rituximab, as the model. Both amino acid mutant antibodies showed a significantly higher affinity for recombinant FcgammaRIIIa than fucose-negative antibody when compared using biosensor analysis. The removal of fucose from the antibodies bearing amino acid mutations exhibited a further enhancement of binding to recombinant FcgammaRIIIa and significantly increased binding to natural killer (NK) cells. Despite the differences manifested in binding for the FcgammaR, ADCCs were indistinguishable between methods and even when the methods were combined. These results indicate that the affinity of binding to FcgammaRIIIa does not predict ADCC beyond a certain threshold and that each method alone is sufficient to induce maximal ADCC of the antibody.

PMID:
17379311
DOI:
10.1016/j.molimm.2007.02.005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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