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J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2007 Jun;119(6):1438-44. Epub 2007 Mar 26.

Omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acid exposure from early life does not affect atopy and asthma at age 5 years.

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1
Woolcock Institute of Medical Research, Camperdown NSW, Australia. calmqvist@woolcock.org.au

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The Childhood Asthma Prevention Study was a randomized controlled trial conducted in children with a family history of asthma in whom omega-3 fatty acid supplementation and restriction of dietary omega-6 fatty acids did not prevent asthma, eczema, or atopy at age 5 years.

OBJECTIVE:

We sought to examine the relation of all measures of omega-3 and omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids with outcomes at age 5 years in the whole birth cohort, regardless of randomization group.

METHODS:

Plasma fatty acids were measured at 18 months, 3 years, and 5 years. Compliance with the fatty acid supplements was estimated every 6 months. Dietary intake was assessed at 18 months by means of weighed-food record and at 3 years by means of food-frequency questionnaire. At age 5 years, 516 children were examined for wheeze and eczema (questionnaire) and atopy (skin prick tests, n = 488). Multiple logistic regression was used to evaluate associations between exposures and outcomes.

RESULTS:

Plasma levels of omega-3 or omega-6 fatty acids were not associated with wheeze, eczema, or atopy at age 5 years (P = .11-.96). Overall, fatty acid exposure, measured as plasma levels, dietary intake, and compliance with supplements, was not associated with any respiratory or allergic outcomes (P = .35-.59).

CONCLUSION:

This observational analysis of the cohort, using the full range of observed variation in omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acid exposure, supports the negative findings of the randomized controlled trial.

CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS:

Modification of dietary polyunsaturated fatty acids in early childhood is not helpful in preventing atopy and asthma.

PMID:
17379291
DOI:
10.1016/j.jaci.2007.01.046
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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