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Development. 2007 May;134(9):1653-62. Epub 2007 Mar 21.

The AP2 transcription factors DORNROSCHEN and DORNROSCHEN-LIKE redundantly control Arabidopsis embryo patterning via interaction with PHAVOLUTA.

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Institute of Developmental Biology, University of Cologne, Gyrhofstrasse 17, Cologne, Germany.


DORNROSCHEN (DRN) (also known as ENHANCER OF SHOOT REGENERATION1; ESR1) and DRN-LIKE (DRNL; also known as ESR2) are two linked paralogues encoding AP2 domain-containing proteins. drn mutants show embryo cell patterning defects and, similarly to drnl mutants, disrupt cotyledon development at incomplete penetrance. drn drnl double mutants with weak or strong drnl alleles show more highly penetrant and extreme phenotypes, including a pin-like embryo without cotyledons, confirming a high degree of functional redundancy for the two genes in embryo patterning. Altered expression of PIN1::PIN1-GFP and DR5::GFP in drn mutant embryos places DRN upstream of auxin transport and response. A yeast two-hybrid screen with DRN followed by co-immunoprecipitation and bimolecular fluorescence complementation revealed PHAVOLUTA (PHV) to be a protein interaction partner in planta. drn phv double mutants show an increased penetrance of embryo cell division defects. DRNL can also interact with PHV and both DRN and DRNL can heterodimerise with additional members of the class III HD-ZIP family, PHABULOSA, REVOLUTA, CORONA and ATHB8. Interactions involve the PAS-like C-terminal regions of these proteins and the DRN/DRNL AP2 domain.

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