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Respir Med. 2007 Aug;101(8):1830-5. Epub 2007 Mar 26.

Oxidative stress in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients submitted to a rehabilitation program.

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Laboratório de Estresse Oxidativo, Departamento de Bioquímica, ICBS, UFRGS, Brazil.


Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) improves physical capacity and health quality in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, the effect of exercise on oxidative stress markers in COPD patients is only partially known. This study was designed to evaluate the oxidative stress response to long-term exercise in patients with COPD enrolled in a PR program. Fifteen COPD patients (FEV1 < 60%), age between 50 and 60 years, ex-smokers, were separated in two groups: exercise-trained (n=8) and sedentary group (n=7). Exercise consisted of an 8-week conditioning program using a cycle ergometer (three times a week, 1h session). An endurance test (60% of maximal load in an incremental cycle test) was performed before and after PR. Blood samples were obtained at baseline and immediately after each endurance test. We measured the index of lipid peroxidation, thiobarbituric acid reactive species (TBARS), total radical-trapping antioxidant parameter (TRAP) and xanthine oxidase (XO) activity. TRAP was significantly different between the exercise-trained group and sedentary group of COPD patients. Baseline TBARS values were increased after the exercise training program but decreased after the endurance test. XO decrease after effort in the trained and untrained groups. The results suggest that patients with COPD are characterized by increased systemic and pulmonary oxidative stress markers both at rest as well as induced by cardiopulmonary exercise test and that PR program was associated with decreased systemic exercise-induced oxidative damage.

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