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Langmuir. 2007 Apr 24;23(9):4938-43. Epub 2007 Mar 22.

Water-soluble nitric oxide-releasing gold nanoparticles.

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  • 1Department of Chemistry, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, USA.


The synthesis and characterization of water-soluble nitric oxide (NO)-releasing monolayer-protected gold clusters (MPCs) are reported. Tiopronin-protected MPCs ( approximately 3 nm) were functionalized with amine ligands and subsequently exposed to 5 atm of NO to form diazeniumdiolate NO donors covalently bound to the gold MPC. Diazeniumdiolate formation conditions, NO-release, and nanoparticle stability were examined as a function of the structure of the protecting ligand, pH, and storage time. Despite their aqueous solubility, proton-initiated decomposition of the diazeniumdiolate-modified Tio-MPCs resulted in only modest NO-release (<0.023 micromol/mg) for short durations (<1.5 h). To increase the NO storage capacity of gold nanoparticles, polyamine-stabilized MPCs ( approximately 5 nm) were synthesized with significantly enhanced NO-release properties (0.386 micromol/mg) and durations (up to 16 h). Transmission electron microscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, elemental analysis, and UV-vis spectroscopy were used to characterize both nanoparticle systems before and after NO exposure. The MPCs represent the smallest water-soluble NO-release nanoparticles to date (3-5 nm).

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