Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Biol Chem. 2007 May 11;282(19):14476-81. Epub 2007 Mar 20.

Pentaketide resorcylic acid synthesis by type III polyketide synthase from Neurospora crassa.

Author information

1
Department of Biotechnology, Graduate School of Agriculture and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.

Abstract

Type III polyketide synthases (PKSs) are responsible for aromatic polyketide synthesis in plants and bacteria. Genome analysis of filamentous fungi has predicted the presence of fungal type III PKSs, although none have thus far been functionally characterized. In the genome of Neurospora crassa, a single open reading frame, NCU04801.1, annotated as a type III PKS was found. In this report, we demonstrate that NCU04801.1 is a novel type III PKS catalyzing the synthesis of pentaketide alkylresorcylic acids. NCU04801.1, hence named 2'-oxoalkylresorcylic acid synthase (ORAS), preferred stearoyl-CoA as a starter substrate and condensed four molecules of malonyl-CoA to give a pentaketide intermediate. For ORAS to yield pentaketide alkylresorcylic acids, aldol condensation and aromatization of the intermediate, which is still attached to the enzyme, are presumably followed by hydrolysis for release of the product as a resorcylic acid. ORAS is the first type III PKS that synthesizes pentaketide resorcylic acids.

PMID:
17374612
DOI:
10.1074/jbc.M701239200
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Support Center