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Cytokine. 2006 Dec;36(5-6):276-82. Epub 2007 Mar 19.

Serum and urine levels of interleukin-6 and interleukin-8 in children with acute pyelonephritis.

Author information

1
Department of Pediatrics, Chung Shan Medical University Hospital, Taichung 402, Taiwan; Institute of Medicine, Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung 402, Taiwan. cshy098@csh.org.tw

Abstract

Urinary tract infection (UTI) is a common clinical disorder in younger infants and children and may result in permanent renal damage. The inflammatory cytokines interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-8 play an important role in response to bacterial infection. This prospective study investigated the association between serum and urine IL-6 and IL-8 levels and acute pyelonephritis confirmed by (99m)Tc-dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) scan. A total of 78 children aged 1-121 months with a diagnosis of first-time febrile UTI were included. The following inflammatory markers were assessed: fever; white blood cells count (WBC); C-reactive protein (CRP); and serum and urine IL-6 and IL-8. The patients were divided into the acute pyelonephritis group (n=42) and the lower UTI group (n=36) according to the results of DMSA scan. Fever, WBC and CRP levels were significantly higher in children with acute pyelonephritis than in those with lower UTI (all p <0.001). Significantly, higher initial serum and urine IL-6 and IL-8 levels were found in children with acute pyelonephritis than in those with lower UTI (all p <0.001). Serum and urine IL-6 in children with acute pyelonephritis were positively correlated with fever, CRP and leucocyturia. These results indicate that both serum and urine IL-6 and IL-8 levels, particularly IL-6, are useful diagnostic tools for early recognition of acute pyelonephritis in febrile children.

PMID:
17374489
DOI:
10.1016/j.cyto.2007.02.006
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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