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J Psychoactive Drugs. 2006 Dec;38(4):505-12.

Single dose of 24 milligrams of buprenorphine for heroin detoxification: an open-label study of five inpatients.

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1
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, Washington 98195-6560, USA. kanglee@u.washington.edu

Abstract

Previous studies indicate that buprenorphine has efficacy in medically supervised opioid withdrawal, but the optimal dosing for maximum tolerability and ease of administration remains undetermined. Five heroin-dependent individuals entered this open-label study of inpatient detoxification with a single 24 mg dose of buprenorphine. The mean Clinical Opiate Withdrawal Scale (COWS) score prior to buprenorphine administration was 17.6 (SD = 3.36). COWS scores declined significantly thereafter. There was one episode of precipitated withdrawal that resolved within four hours. Use of ancillary medications was minimal. This study suggests that a single high dose of buprenorphine can be used safely and effectively for inpatient detoxification.

PMID:
17373566
DOI:
10.1080/02791072.2006.10400589
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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