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Neurology. 2007 Mar 20;68(12):911-5.

Risedronate and ergocalciferol prevent hip fracture in elderly men with Parkinson disease.

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Department of Neurology, Mitate Hospital, 3237 Yugeta, Tagawa 826-0041, Japan.



There is a high incidence of hip fractures in patients with Parkinson disease (PD). Bone mineral density (BMD) is decreased in patients with PD, correlating with the immobilization-induced bone resorption and hypovitaminosis D with compensatory hyperparathyroidism.


To evaluate the effectiveness of risedronate, an inhibitor of bone resorption, on osteoporosis and the risk of hip fractures in elderly men with PD.


This was a 2-year, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. In a prospective study of patients with PD, 121 patients received a daily dose of 2.5 mg risedronate and vitamin D2 1,000 IU for 2 years, and the remaining 121 received placebo and vitamin D2 1,000 IU. Incidence of hip fractures was compared between the two groups.


Nine patients sustained hip fractures in the placebo group, and three hip fractures occurred in the risedronate group. The relative risk of a hip fracture in the risedronate group vs the placebo group was 0.33 (95% CI, 0.09 to 1.20). BMD increased by 2.2% in the risedronate group and decreased by 2.9% in the placebo group (p < 0.0001). Urinary deoxypyridinoline, a bone resorption marker, decreased by 46.7% in the risedronate group and by 33.0% in the placebo group.


Treatment with risedronate and vitamin D2 increases bone mineral density in elderly men with Parkinson disease and reduces the risk of hip fractures.

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