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Biochemistry. 1992 Feb 18;31(6):1827-36.

Profilin-actin complexes directly elongate actin filaments at the barbed end.

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Department of Physiology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia 19104.


We demonstrate that the profilin-G-actin complex can elongate actin filaments directly at the barbed end but cannot bind to the pointed end. During elongation, the profilin-actin complex binds to the barbed filament end, whereupon profilin is released, leaving the actin molecule behind. This was first proposed by Tilney [Tilney, L. G., et al. (1983) J. Cell Biol. 97, 112-124] and demonstrated by Pollard and Cooper [(1984) Biochemistry 23, 6631-6641] by electron microscopy. We show that a model without any outside energy supply, in contrast to the mechanism proposed by Pollard and Cooper, can be fitted to our and their [Kaiser et al. (1986) J. Cell Biol. 102, 221-226] findings. Input of outside energy is necessary only if profilin-mediated elongation continues after free G-actin has been lowered to or below the critical concentration observed at the barbed end in the absence of profilin.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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