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Biochemistry. 1992 Feb 18;31(6):1779-86.

Distances between the antigen-binding sites of three murine antibody subclasses measured using neutron and X-ray scattering.

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Life Sciences Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, New Mexico 87545.


For three different murine immunoglobulins (IgG subclasses 1, 2a, and 2b), the distances between their antigen-binding sites have been measured using neutron scattering from deuterated antigens complexed with proteated IgG. Neutron-scattering data were measured for each antibody-antigen complex in a 41% D2O solvent. Unlike the proteated antibody molecule, the deuterated antigens are strongly contrasted against the 41% D2O solvent and give rise to a scattering profile that contains an interference term related to the distance between the deuterated antigens. For all three subclasses, the damping of this interference term, which gives information on the relative flexibility of the antigen-binding sites, indicates that a single distance is inadequate to describe the observed scattering and a distribution of distances is needed. The scattering profile has been modeled for each subclass to give the mean distance between the antigens and the variance of this distance. For all three IgG subclasses, the mean distance is between 117 and 134 A, and the variance is large (approximately 40 A), indicating a high degree of flexibility of the Fab arms. Small-angle X-ray scattering measurements on the same samples are consistent with the neutron-scattering results.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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