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J Cell Mol Med. 2007 Jan-Feb;11(1):88-95.

Toll-like receptor 4 in atherosclerosis.

Author information

1
Department of Cardiology, Shanghai Jiaotong University Affiliated First People's Hospital, 85 Wujin Road, Shanghai 200080, PR China.

Abstract

Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) is key regulators of both innate and adaptive immune responses. TLR4 recognizes pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) and activates the inflammatory cells. The function of TLR4 in atherosclerosis has been investigated in mouse knockout studies and epidemiological studies of human TLR4 polymorphisms. These studies have shown that TLR4 function affects the initiation and progression of atherosclerosis. This article reviews the biological functions and clinical implications of TLR4 in atherosclerosis.

PMID:
17367503
PMCID:
PMC4401222
DOI:
10.1111/j.1582-4934.2007.00011.x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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