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Am J Cardiol. 1992 Feb 15;69(5):513-7.

Clinical and electrophysiologic effects of intravenous dofetilide (UK-68,798), a new class III antiarrhythmic drug, in patients with angina pectoris.

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1
Department of Medical Cardiology, Royal Infirmary, Glasgow, Scotland.

Abstract

Dofetilide (UK-68,798) is a new class III antiarrhythmic agent. In animal experiments it selectively prolongs the refractory periods parallel to the action potential duration without any influence on upstroke velocity or conduction parameters. The present double-blind, placebo-controlled study was designed to show the effect of dofetilide on basic electrophysiologic parameters in patients with coronary artery disease. Eighteen patients (aged 31 to 64 years) with symptoms of stable angina pectoris admitted for routine coronary angiography were recruited. They were randomly allocated to receive either placebo or 1 of 2 dose levels of dofetilide intravenously with 6 patients in each group. Paired electrophysiologic variables were compared before and after administration of dofetilide. Both active dose levels produced significant prolongations (p less than 0.05) of 10 to 23% in atrial effective refractory period, 6 to 16% in ventricular effective refractory period and 11 to 15% in ventricular functional refractory period. Atrial functional refractory period was prolonged by 14 to 22% at the high-dose level (p less than 0.05). No effect was observed on conduction parameters (PA, AH, HV, PR or QRS intervals), sinus cycle length or sinus node recovery. The selective prolongation of the refractory periods in both atrium and ventricle, combined with a lack of effect on cardiac conduction parameters, indicates that this drug could be useful in the treatment of both atrial and ventricular reentrant tachyarrhythmias and fibrillation.

PMID:
1736617
DOI:
10.1016/0002-9149(92)90996-c
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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