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Scand J Clin Lab Invest. 2007;67(2):179-90.

Cystatin C reduces the in vitro formation of soluble Abeta1-42 oligomers and protofibrils.

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Disease Biology, H. Lundbeck A/S, Copenhagen, Denmark.


There are an increasing number of genetic and neuropathological observations to suggest that cystatin C, an extracellular protein produced by all nucleated cells, might play a role in the pathophysiology of sporadic Alzheimer's disease (AD). Recent observations indicate that small and large soluble oligomers of the beta-amyloid protein (Abeta) impair synaptic plasticity and induce neurotoxicity in AD. The objective of the present study was to investigate the influence of cystatin C on the production of such oligomers in vitro. Co-incubation of cystatin C with monomeric Abeta1-42 significantly attenuated the in vitro formation of Abeta oligomers and protofibrils, as determined using electron microscopy (EM), dodecyl sulphate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE), immunoblotting, thioflavin T (ThT) spectrofluorimetry and gel chromatography. However, cystatin C did not dissolve preformed Abeta oligomers. Direct binding of cystatin C to Abeta was demonstrated with the formation of an initial 1:1 molar high-affinity complex. These observations suggest that cystatin C might be a regulating element in the transformation of monomeric Abeta to larger and perhaps more toxic molecular species in vivo.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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