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Virology. 1992 Mar;187(1):290-7.

Recombinant vaccinia virus producing the prM and E proteins of yellow fever virus protects mice from lethal yellow fever encephalitis.

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Virogenetics Corporation, Troy, New York 12180.


Four recombinant vaccinia viruses were constructed for expression of different portions of the 17D yellow fever virus (YFV-17D) open reading frame. A recombinant, vP869, expressing prM and E induced high titers of neutralizing and hemagglutination inhibiting antibodies in mice and was protective against intracranial challenge with the French neurotropic strain of YFV. Levels of protection were equivalent to those achieved by immunization with the YFV-17D vaccine virus. Recombinant vaccinia viruses expressing E and NS1, C prM, E, NS1, or only NS1 failed to protect mice against challenge with YFV despite eliciting antibodies to NS1. The vP869-infected HeLa cells produced a particulate extracellular hemagglutinin (HA) similar to that produced by YFV-infected cells, supporting previous studies with Japanese encephalitis virus (Mason et al., 1991), suggesting that the ability of recombinant vaccinia virus to produce extracellular HA particles is important for effective flavivirus immunity.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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