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J Mol Cell Cardiol. 2007 Apr;42(4):706-21. Epub 2007 Jan 24.

Can the cardiomyocyte cell cycle be reprogrammed?

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School of Pharmacy, University of Reading, PO Box 226 Whiteknights, Reading Berkshire RG6 6AP, UK.


Cardiac repair following myocardial injury is restricted due to the limited proliferative potential of adult cardiomyocytes. The ability of mammalian cardiomyocytes to proliferate is lost shortly after birth as cardiomyocytes withdraw from the cell cycle and differentiate. We do not fully understand the molecular and cellular mechanisms that regulate this cell cycle withdrawal, although if we could it might lead to the discovery of novel therapeutic targets for improving cardiac repair following myocardial injury. For the last decade, researchers have investigated cardiomyocyte cell cycle control, commonly using transgenic mouse models or recombinant adenoviruses to manipulate cell cycle regulators in vivo or in vitro. This review discusses cardiomyocyte cell cycle regulation and summarises recent data from studies manipulating the expressions and activities of cell cycle regulators in cardiomyocytes. The validity of therapeutic strategies that aim to reinstate the proliferative potential of cardiomyocytes to improve myocardial repair following injury will be discussed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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