Send to

Choose Destination
J Vasc Res. 2007;44(4):253-63. Epub 2007 Mar 15.

Production of inflammatory molecules in peripheral blood mononuclear cells from severely glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase-deficient subjects.

Author information

Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Biomediche, Sez di Patologia Sperimentale, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy.



We have previously demonstrated that Mediterranean glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD)-deficient peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) respond to mitogenic stimuli with a reduced cholesterol synthesis and growth. In the present study, we have investigated the release of inflammatory molecules by PBMC following a mitogenic stimulus, as well as the transformation to foam cells of monocyte-derived macrophages from severely G6PD-deficient and normal subjects.


PBMC from G6PD-deficient subjects produced interleukin (IL)-1beta and IL-6 to a lower extent compared with normal subjects. 5-Hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid, a primary product of 5-lipoxygenase, was slightly decreased. Tumour necrosis factor-alpha and IL-1beta secretion was significantly reduced in monocyte-derived macrophages. No difference was found in IL-10 secretion, whereas transforming growth factor-beta was invariably found to be significantly higher in G6PD-deficient cells. In cells incubated with acetylated low-density lipoprotein, cholesterol esterification and its storage in lipid droplets were lower than in normal G6PD cells.


We conclude that by reducing the secretion of inflammatory molecules by PBMC and increasing the secretion of transforming growth factor-beta and the capability of monocyte-derived macrophages to accumulate lipid droplets and convert into foam cells, G6PD deficiency may confer a partial protection against atherosclerosis leading to the reduced risk of cardiovascular diseases reported in G6PD-deficient subjects.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for S. Karger AG, Basel, Switzerland
Loading ...
Support Center