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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2007 Mar 13;104(11):4542-6. Epub 2007 Mar 7.

Division and differentiation of natural antibody-producing cells in mouse spleen.

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1
Department of Genetics, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305-5318, USA.

Abstract

B-1a cells reside in both the peritoneal cavity and the spleen. LPS stimulates splenic B-1a to differentiate to plasma cells producing natural IgM specific for microbial and self antigens. However, there are conflicting views as to whether the B-1a cells divide before this differentiation occurs, and hence how the resident B-1a population is maintained in the spleen. Studies here resolve this dispute in favor of both sides: we show that (some or all) B-1a cells resident in the spleen respond to LPS by differentiating to plasma cells immediately, without dividing; however, we also show that additional B-1a cells immigrate into the spleen after LPS stimulation and divide at least once before differentiating. Importantly, the studies we presently describe reveal the complex cell migration and differentiation events that collectively underlie the rapid production of natural antibodies in response to in vivo LPS stimulation. Thus, the studies present a different view of the roles that B-1a cells play in the early phases of the innate immune response.

PMID:
17360560
PMCID:
PMC1838637
DOI:
10.1073/pnas.0700001104
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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