Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2007 Mar 13;104(11):4365-70. Epub 2007 Mar 5.

Dose-dependent cross-talk between the transforming growth factor-beta and interleukin-1 signaling pathways.

Author information

Department of Molecular Genetics, Lerner Research Institute, and Brain Tumor Institute, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, 9500 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA.


Some tumor cell lines secrete high concentrations of TGFbeta or IL-1. Similarly high concentrations of each of these cytokines cross-activate the other pathway: TGFbeta activates NFkappaB, and IL-1beta activates Smads. The IL-1 signaling components IRAK, MyD88, TRAF6, and TAK1 are all required for cross-activation of NFkappaB by TGFbeta. Knockdown experiments revealed that both TGFbeta receptor subunits are required for IL-1beta to activate Smads, and the IL-1 receptor is required for TGFbeta to activate NFkappaB. Coimmunoprecipitations showed that either TGFbeta or IL-1beta stimulate ligand-dependent association of all three receptor subunits. Furthermore, cross-talk between the TGFbeta and IL-1 signaling pathways leads to dose-dependent cross-control of gene expression. These interactions provide new insight into biological responses to IL-1 and TGFbeta in the proximity of tumors that secrete high concentrations of these factors and probably also at sites of inflammation, where the local concentrations of these cytokines are likely to be high.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center