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Eur J Clin Invest. 2007 Mar;37(3):187-96.

Genetic and environmental determinants of the PON-1 phenotype.

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1
Research Laboratory, Department of Clinical Chemistry, University Medical Center Utrecht, The Netherlands. m.roest@azu.nl

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Paraoxonase (PON-1) is a high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-associated enzyme that may protect against cardiovascular disease (CVD), because it hydrolyses oxidized phospholipids of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and therefore prevents the detrimental effects on the arterial wall. The current report describes the determinants of PON-1 bioavailability and activity.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

This is the largest (n = 1527) cross-sectional evaluation performed on PON-1 genotypes (Q192R, T-107C and L55M) and environmental determinants to PON-1 catalytic activity and bioavailability in serum of postmenopausal women. PON-1 catalytic activity and PON-1 bioavailability were measured, in vitro, with a paraoxon hydrolysis assay and a phenylacetate hydrolysis assay, respectively.

RESULTS:

The major determinant of paraoxon hydrolytic activity is the Q192R genotype, but there was also a relation with the C-107T and L55M genotype, HDL levels and alcohol consumption. Phenylacetate hydrolytic activity was most strongly affected by the C-107T genotype followed by the L55M genotype, HDL levels, alcohol consumption and smoking.

CONCLUSIONS:

PON-1 Q192R, C-107T and L55M genotype, alcohol consumption, smoking and HDL levels are determinants of serum PON-1 phenotype. The contributions of the genetic markers to the PON-1 phenotype are stronger than the contributions of the lifestyle determinants.

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