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Diabetes Obes Metab. 2007 Sep;9(5):761-3. Epub 2007 Mar 13.

Plasma adipocyte and epidermal fatty acid binding protein is reduced after weight loss in obesity.

Abstract

AIM:

Plasma adipocyte fatty acid binding protein (A-FABP) and epidermal fatty acid binding protein (E-FABP) concentrations have been linked to obesity and the metabolic syndrome. In this study, we investigated whether plasma A-FABP and E-FABP concentrations are altered by weight loss in obese patients.

METHODS:

In a prospective study, fasting plasma A-FABP and E-FABP concentrations were measured before and 6 months after gastric banding in 33 morbidly obese patients, with a body mass index (BMI) of 46 +/- 5 kg/m(2). Eleven healthy subjects with a BMI < 25 kg/m(2) served as controls.

RESULTS:

A-FABP and E-FABP plasma concentrations were higher in obese subjects (36.7 +/- 6.7 and 3.7 +/- 0.7 ng/ml, respectively) than in controls (18.1 +/- 0.6 and 2.6 +/- 0.5, respectively, p < 0.01). Gastric banding reduced BMI to 40 +/- 5 kg/m(2), A-FABP to 32.6 +/- 5.4 ng/ml and E-FABP to 1.9 +/- 0.7 ng/ml (all p < 0.05) after 6 months. Insulin sensitivity as estimated by the Homeostasis Model Assessment insulin resistance index was unchanged. A-FABP concentrations were significantly associated with BMI before and 6 months after surgery (p < 0.05, r = 0.42 and r = 0.37 respectively).

CONCLUSIONS:

Elevated plasma A-FABP and E-FABP concentrations in morbidly obese subjects are reduced after gastric banding-induced weight loss. This suggests that FABP may be associated with improvement of metabolic conditions over time.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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