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Phys Rev Lett. 2007 Mar 2;98(9):094502. Epub 2007 Mar 1.

Theory of the collapsing axisymmetric cavity.

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School of Mathematics, University of Bristol, University Walk, Bristol BS8 1TW, United Kingdom.


We investigate the collapse of an axisymmetric cavity or bubble inside a fluid of small viscosity, like water. Any effects of the gas inside the cavity as well as of the fluid viscosity are neglected. Using a slender-body description, we compute the local scaling exponent alpha=dlnh_{0}/dlnt' of the minimum radius h_{0} of the cavity, where t' is the time from collapse. The exponent alpha very slowly approaches a universal value according to alpha=1/2+1/[4 square root [-ln(t')]]. Thus, as observed in a number of recent experiments, the scaling can easily be interpreted as evidence of a single nontrivial scaling exponent. Our predictions are confirmed by numerical simulations.

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