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Phys Rev Lett. 2007 Feb 23;98(8):083602. Epub 2007 Feb 22.

Tools for multimode quantum information: modulation, detection, and spatial quantum correlations.

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1
Australian Center for Quantum-Atom Optics, The Australian National University, Canberra ACT 0200, Australia.

Abstract

We present the key elements required for continuous variable parallel quantum information protocols based on spatial multimode quantum correlations. We describe techniques for encoding, combining and detecting spatial quantum information with high efficiency in the individual transverse modes. Until now, the missing feature for the implementation of such protocols was the generation of squeezing in higher order transverse Hermite-Gauss modes. We experimentally demonstrate squeezing in selective modes by fine-tuning the phase matching condition of the nonlinear chi(2) material and the cavity resonance condition of an optical parametric amplifier. Combined, these results open the way to practical multimode optical quantum information systems.

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