Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Mol Med (Berl). 2007 Jul;85(7):697-706. Epub 2007 Mar 14.

Roles of PPARs on regulating myocardial energy and lipid homeostasis.

Author information

Cardiovascular Research Institute, Morehouse School of Medicine, 720 Westview Dr SW, Atlanta, GA 30310, USA.


Myocardial energy and lipid homeostasis is crucial for normal cardiac structure and function. Either shortage of energy or excessive lipid accumulation in the heart leads to cardiac disorders. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARalpha, -beta/delta and -gamma), members of the nuclear receptor transcription factor superfamily, play important roles in regulating lipid metabolic genes. All three PPAR subtypes are expressed in cardiomyocytes. PPARalpha has been shown to control transcriptional expression of key enzymes that are involved in fatty acid (FA) uptake and oxidation, triglyceride synthesis, mitochondrial respiration uncoupling, and glucose metabolism. Similarly, PPARbeta/delta is a transcriptional regulator of FA uptake and oxidation, mitochondrial respiration uncoupling, and glucose metabolism. On the other hand, the role of PPARgamma on transcriptional regulation of FA metabolism in the heart remains obscure. Therefore, both PPARalpha and PPARbeta/delta are important transcriptional regulators of myocardial energy and lipid homeostasis. Moreover, it appears that the heart needs to have two PPAR subtypes with seemingly overlapping functions in maintaining myocardial lipid and energy homeostasis. Further studies on the potential distinctive roles of each PPAR subtype in the heart should provide new therapeutic targets for treating heart disease.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Springer
    Loading ...
    Support Center